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Computer Architectures - Combinatorial and Sequential Circuits - Arithmetic and logic unit

We exclude mutiplication, since it is not implemented as a combinatorial circuit.

In our example computer, the ALU will have two 8-bit inputs, an 8-bit output (later extended to 9 for overflow and carry detection), and 3 control lines. The three control lines will select the operation to be performed. In our example computer, 000 means copy (output is the same as first input), 001 means shift left (output is the second input shifted left by one position), 010 means shift right, 011 means add, 100 means subtract, 101 means logic and, 110 means logic or, and 111 means logic not (output is first input with bits inverted).

The reason for using the second input instead of the first input for the shift operation is that we might have to shift several position. In that case, we can simply emit a sequence of shift instructions. If we had taken the first input, we would have had to copy from R1 to R0 between each shift instruction.

 


 

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