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Computer Architectures - Digital Circuits - Decoder

In both the multiplexer and the demultiplexer, part of the circuits decode the address inputs, i.e. it translates a binary number of n digits to 2n outputs, one of which (the one that corresponds to the value of the binary number) is 1 and the others of which are 0.

It is sometimes advantageous to separate this function from the rest of the circuit, since it is useful in many other applications. Thus, we obtain a new combinatorial circuit that we call the decoder. It has the following truth table (for n = 3):

 

  a2 a1 a0 | d7 d6 d5 d4 d3 d2 d1 d0
  ----------------------------------
   0  0  0 |  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  1
   0  0  1 |  0  0  0  0  0  0  1  0
   0  1  0 |  0  0  0  0  0  1  0  0
   0  1  1 |  0  0  0  0  1  0  0  0
   1  0  0 |  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  0
   1  0  1 |  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0
   1  1  0 |  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0
   1  1  1 |  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0

Here is the circuit diagram for the decoder:

 


 

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